Publications

Food Science Extension Publications
Variety Selection and Seed Saving for Organic Growers
(B 1486)
This publication provides information on variety types, suggested vegetable varieties for organic production, and steps to saving your own seed. Organic farming and vegetable production are becoming increasingly popular. Nationally, organic sales have increased 80% since 2007, organic produce has a wholesale value typically twice that of conventional produce, and 75% of organic products are sold within 100 miles of the farm. These facts suggest that there is a tremendous market potential for organic vegetables in Georgia, yet organic production remains only a fraction of conventional vegetable production. Because of our humid subtropical climate, organic production in the Southeast is continually challenged by intense disease, insect and weed pressure. The purpose of this guide is to detail the importance of varietal selection for organic growers.
Organic Pecan Production
(B 1493)
Organic food production is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the American food marketplace and is driven largely by personal health preferences and environmental ethics. Organic food sales in the United States rose from $13 billion in 2005 to $35 billion in 2014. Organic farmers are required to follow an ecological soil management program and are restricted in their use of chemicals. In order for a crop to be marketed as organic, it must obtain organic certification and maintain records of the production practices in use on the farm. See the USDA's organic certification information at the following website: https://www.usda.gov/topics/organic. A three-year transition period is required before the crop can be sold as “organic” and use the USDA certified-organic seal. Pecan production generates unique challenges to organic production methods in the humid Southeastern U.S. because it is an environment conducive to heavy pressure from insects, diseases, and weeds. Therefore, the foundation of any organic pecan production program in the Southeastern U.S. will be based on selection for pest-resistant cultivars.
Organic Poultry Production vs. Other Systems
(C 1139)
There are a number of different poultry production systems available today, and consumers commonly confuse organic poultry production with other systems. Pasture-raised poultry and natural poultry are not organically produced, as they do not meet all or any of the standards set by the National Organic Program, which regulates and certifies production systems as "organic." Consumers should be aware of the differences between each of the poultry production systems as they purchase poultry products.
Canning Fruit
(FDNS-E-43-01)
When fruits are canned, they are heated hot enough and long enough to destroy spoilage organisms. This heating (or processing) also stops the action of enzymes that can spoil food quality. Because fruits have a high acid content, processing can be done in a boiling water bath canner or in a pressure canner. This publication provides information on equipment and materials needed for canning fruit as well as instructions for before, after, and during the preservation process. Preparation methods and processing times for specific fruits are also given. For more information on food preservation, visit the National Center for Home Food Preservation online at http://nchfp.uga.edu.
Canning Vegetables
(FDNS-E-43-03)
Pressure canning is the only safe method of canning all vegetables (except tomatoes). The Clostridium botulinum microorganism is the main reason pressure canning is necessary. This publication provides directions on how to safely preserve specific vegetables with a pressure canner. Information on equipment, preparation, and processing are given, as well as information on how to guard against spoilage. For more information on food preservation, visit the National Center for Home Food Preservation online at http://nchfp.uga.edu.
Freezing Prepared Foods
(FDNS-E-43-14)
Foods for packed lunches or elaborate dinners can be kept in your freezer ready for busy days, parties or unexpected company. By planning a steady flow of casseroles, main dishes, baked goods and desserts in and out of your freezer, you can make good use of your freezer and good use of your time. This publication provides information on preparing to freeze, packaging, and storage. It also provides specific directions for freezing a variety of prepared foods. For more information on food preservation, visit the National Center for Home Food Preservation online at http://nchfp.uga.edu.
How to Convert an Inorganic Fertilizer Recommendation to an Organic One
(C 853)
Many farmers and gardeners use natural minerals and organic fertilizers rather than synthetic ones to build their soil. If you use organic materials as all or part of your fertilization program, this publication will help you calculate the proper amount to use from the recommendations provided by a soil test.
Simulating Crop Rotations in the Coastal Plain with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2
(C 961)
Research shows the benefits of using conservation practices such as conservation tillage, vegetated waterways, adding organic soil amendments and reducing tillage operations.
So Easy To Preserve
(B 989)
The 6th edition of this popular book is available for purchase only. The 388-page book covers topics on Preserving Food, Canning, Pickled Products, Sweet Spreads and Syrups, Freezing and Drying. There are 10 new products and two revised product recommendations in this edition. It's suitable for both new and veteran food preservers. Information on how to purchase this for-sale publication is available at: http://setp.uga.edu
Is Your Label Gluten Free?
(B 1438)
With the increased demand for “gluten-free” products in the market place, food processors and manufacturers have started to develop more and more better-tasting and nutritious food products that are also gluten-free. However, the federal food labeling regulations for gluten-free products can be very confusing for small food processors and new food product entrepreneurs. The purpose of this bulletin is to assist small food processors and food entrepreneurs in their understanding of the FDA labeling requirements for putting “gluten-free” on the label of packaged food products. The authors do not claim interpretation or replacement of any other federal or state regulations about labeling requirements.
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